The last, or 1832 land lottery of georgia, made available for distribution and settlement that part of the cherokee indian nation which was in georgia. Cherokee county is quickly becoming a place where people want to build homes and settle down with their families. Silas lucas also published several indexes, including second or 1807 land lottery of georgia 975. Surviving colonial and state land grant records of georgia, including loose, original records not available on microfilm, are in the georgia archives. Under this system, qualifying citizens could register for a chance to win lots of land that had formerly and in most cases recently been occupied by the creek indians and the cherokee nation. Although the supreme court ruled in their favor, the state of georgia confiscated the cherokee lands, surveyed them into 40 acre lots and distributed to white settlers through a lottery system, which is depicted in this image, a map of the 18th district, 1st section, originally cherokee now union county. The court ruled the indian nation was a distinct community in which the laws of georgia can have no force and. Legislature opted to use lotteries as methods of distributing land from then forward. The act specified that approximately one third of the 160acre 0. This is the sixth of the land lotteries held in georgia. Cherokee land was unlawfully usurped by georgia and. Colonial and state records edit edit source from 1732 to 1755 the area that is now georgia was a trusteeship in which land was. Although a few other states tried a lottery system, none was to the scale of georgias implementation. I dont have a copy of the book or maps but i know that the book with maps are available in most libraries under the title the cherokee land lottery containing a numerical list of the names of the fortunate drawers in said lottery with an engraved map.
Georgia 1832, supreme court chief justice john marshall ruled that the cherokee nation. In the reference portion of the book on this lottery that we have in the library. The georgia land lotteries were an early nineteenth century system of land redistribution in. We choose to focus on the 1832 lottery because the list of winners was available and the later date. Land lottery map of cherokee territory in georgia teach us history. Land lottery map of cherokee territory in georgia teach. After gold was discovered in 1828 near dahlonega, the state ignored federal treaties and asserted its claims on the cherokee territory including cobb county. A law passed on december 3, 1832, divided original cherokee county into ten counties.
It was published in the 18th annual report of the bureau of american ethnology 189697, vol ii, smithsonian institution, printed by the government printing office, 1899. Georgia land lottery, 1832 by genealogyquest 11 may 2014 1. The smith book includes land and gold lotteries, with maps of each district. In the first part, approximately 85,000 georgians were competing for 18,309 160acre land lots, while in part two of the lottery, 3,000 participants were.
Lots were 160 acres and eligible drawers must have lived in the state three years immediately prior to december 24, 1831. The lottery system was utilized by the state of georgia between the years 1805 and 1833. This office cannot research information about recorded documents by telephone. Smith, which was orginally published in 1838, with all the original maps and with the addition of a 105page index and map of the original cherokee county. The first lottery took place in 1805 and the last ones were held in the 1830s. The smith book includes land and gold lotteries, with. The cherokee land lottery, containing a numerical list of. The land lottery dataset contains the names and residence of all the fortunate drawers in the land lottery of the cherokee country, arranged by districts in numerical order, all carefully copied from the originals in the executive department and the office of the surveyor general, designating also the lots which have been granted. Georgia land and property genealogy familysearch wiki. Tracing past ownersgeorgia land lottery deep roots in.
The part that was cut off into lumpkin consisted of land lots 4, 5, part of 11, 12, all 40 acre lots part of 6 160 acres. Tracing past ownersgeorgia land lottery august 11, 2016 deeproots georgia history, north georgia history 12 in an earlier post, i introduced you to the concept of identifying the past owners chain of title for a property originally granted through the 1832 georgia land lottery and gold lottery. As such, it con stitutes the best edition we could possibly present of a work which lists the great majority of the early settlers of northwestern georgia. Index to 1807 land lottery of georgia family history library index to 1820 land lottery of georgia family history library index to 1821 land lottery of. This will be the actual land lotdistrictsection drawn in the 18321833 lottery.
Fortunate drawers in said lottery with an engraved map of each district, by. Jul 07, 2008 cherokee land lottery cherokee land lottery oct. Please practice handwashing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. The cherokees again resisted and took their claim of sovereignty to the united states supreme court. Located in the northeastern part of the state, over 18,500 parcels were distributed by. For this study we consider the 1832 lottery of cherokee county in northwest georgia. Any person who has taken up residence in said cherokee territory. The original cherokee indian territory became cherokee county by an act of december 26, 1831. The 1832 cherokee land lottery of georgia james f smith, the last, or 1832 land lottery of georgia, made available for distribution and settlement that part of the cherokee indian nation which was in georgia. The smallest was 40 acres in the gold lottery of 1832.
Land lottery map of cherokee territory in georgia teach us. The cherokee land lottery, containing a numerical list of the names of the fortunate drawers in said lottery, with an engraved map of each. His land lottery draw was lot 281 in the 14th district, 2nd section of cherokee county. I would love to have a general idea of where this land is located, but cannot find a map of the districts anywhere. The cherokee land lotteries of north georgia deep roots in. Tracing past ownersgeorgia land lottery deep roots in the. See the state page for the rules of who got a draw, etc. Even more surprising is that the final official maps are all the work. Georgia is a stateland state land and property records, combined with tax digests, can be important keys to successful research in georgia. Finally, in 1833, the cherokee began negotiations with the federal government for a removal treaty. Any fortunate drawer in any previous land lottery who has taken out a grant of said land lot. Information on this page is from 1989 current date at top of the screen.
The maps are from the original book indian land cessions in the united states, compiled by charles c. Land lottery tickets, 1832 cherokee land lottery historical marker. Georgia, headright and bounty land records, 17831909 family search. The upwards of 20,000 persons listed in this work were fortunate drawers in the 1832 sixth and last land lottery held. In the 1832 land lottery area, land lots were 160 acres 0. This land lottery divided up the land of the former cherokee indian country in 1832. The cherokee land lottery, containing a numerical list of the. The land acquired on the frontier by the lotteries was originally used for tobacco cultivation, but with the introduction of cotton and the innovation of the cotton gin, agriculture shifted to largescale cotton production. For information on abbreviations used in designating participants in the 1832 land lotteries, see james f. The cherokee land lottery, containing a numerical list of the names of the fortunate drawers in said lottery, with an engraved map of each district.
The 1832 georgia gold lottery and the trail of tears. Georgia land lotteries gold grabbing native heritage. Cherokee county home builders custom home builders in. I have confirmed that my ancestor received a plat of land during the 1832 cherokee land lottery spencer martin, listed as getting land in the 14th district, 2nd section, cherokee mercks, and his plot number is 281, hall county. Dawes records enrollment jackets, land allotment jackets, and dawes allotment maps pertaining to cherokee, chickasaw, choctaw, creek, and seminole tribes in oklahoma enrollment jackets also known as dawes applications or testimonial packets enrollment jackets contain the application and supporting documents that the individual or family submitted to the dawes. The upwards of 20,000 persons listed in this work were fortunate drawers in the 1832 sixth and last land lottery held in the original cherokee county, georgia. Two great, great, great grandfathers won lots in the cherokee land lottery of 1832, albert g. Eight times between 1805 and 1833 georgia held lotteries to distribute land, the largest held in the united states. Real estate agents, individual citizens and even unscrupulous lottery officials attempted to secure promising gold belt lots or valuable cherokee plantation lots. Any person who minedor caused to be minedgold, silver, or other metal in the cherokee territory since june 1, 1830. The lot sizes varied widely with the largest being 490 acres in the 1805 and 1820 lottery. This was a large area generally north of the chattahoochee river in the north west and north central parts of the state. Indian land cessions maps and treaties in the american. This land area was divided into the present counties of cass renamed bartow in 1861, cherokee, cobb, floyd, forsyth, gilmer, lumpkin, murray, paulding and union.
The 1827 lottery dispensed lots in carroll, coweta, lee, muscogee, and troup counties. Internet archive bookreader the cherokee land lottery, containing a numerical list of the names of the fortunate drawers in said lottery, with an engraved map of each district. This day in georgia history cherokee land lottery began. In most cases, the land to be distributed had been part of the creek or cherokee nation. The gold lottery of 1832 was the seventh lottery in the georgia land lottery, a lottery system. The georgia land lotteries were an early nineteenth century system of land redistribution in georgia. These lotteries often serve as useful substitutes for the lost federal census returns for the early 1800s in the state. This database is a listing of persons allotted land in 1832 from what was considered cherokee land. The 1832 land lotteryhow we went from cherokee to dade. Surveyors organized the land to be distributed, laying it out into districts and lots. Georgia gave the cherokee nation east away in the 6th or 1832 land lottery. Deputy clerks are available to assist monday friday, 8. The cherokee land lotteries of north georgia deep roots. The davislucas book consists primarily of abstracts of selected loose papers from the georgia surveyor generals department, with a map showing areas of each lottery and a list of the counties formed by the lotteries.
Indian agent william springer notified the governor in 1834 that rosss improvements extended onto lots 237 and 243 as well as across the coosa. The land lottery dataset contains the names and residence of all the fortunate. All the lots were numbered as being in cherokee county. Also included in the list are more than thirty land lots omitted from the original drawing of the 1820 georgia land lottery. The gwinnett historical society 1832 land lottery winners. This includes a map showing which counties were formed in each of the lotteries. In the reference portion of the book on this lottery that we have in the library are drawings of each individual section of land showing all these geographic features and they are surprisingly accurate. In milledgeville, then state capital of georgia, the cherokee land lottery began.
Cherokee county would ultimately become the parent county for all or part of twentyfive contemporary georgia counties. The land lottery was the beginning of the end of the cherokee in georgia. In many instances, the basis for qualification is given in abbreviated form after the drawers name. Israel isnt the only place with dispossessed people. Bagwell drew lot 314 in the 12th district, 5th section in walker county and the other great, great, great grandfather, john sparks, drew lot 319 in the same 12th district, 5th section in walker county. The general assembly passed an act that authorized the lottery and spelled out who would be eligible to participate and the grant fees that would apply. The act also provided for surveying the cherokee lands in georgia.
Statewide records usgenweb archives genealogy project. Genealogy research family genealogy genealogy sites family lineage county map family research family memories talia historical photos. This land lottery divided up the land of hte former cherokee indian country in 1832. Sep 30, 2014 1820 georgia county map with 1827 and 1832 land lottery areas stay safe and healthy. Reprints of this work are available, and indexes may also be found online. The cherokee land lottery, containing a numerical list of the names. Georgia land lottery indexes collection in the genealogy. More settlers streamed into georgia and, with the georgia guard enforcing the laws, there wasnt many avenues of recourse for the cherokee. This book gives the names of the participants and whether they drew a blank or. Georgia 1832, supreme court chief justice john marshall ruled that the cherokee nation was entitled to federal protection over those of the state laws of georgia. One of the gold district lottery maps in the georgia archives. Usa 1,060,369 georgia 30,676 georgia land records 577 statewide land records. May 11, 2014 georgia land lottery, 1832 by genealogyquest 11 may 2014 1. Several other counties were carved out of these cherokee lands as part of the cherokee land lottery of 1832.
The gold lottery of 1832 was the seventh lottery in the georgia land lottery, a lottery system used by the state of georgia between the years 1805 and 1832 to distribute land. Georgia began in 1805 to offer land to its citizens through lotteries. The standard index for the 6th lottery is the 1832 cherokee land lottery of georgia published in 1838 compiled by james f. About georgia cherokee land lottery, 1832 of all the states, georgia has the distinction of being the only one to distribute parcels of land by lottery. During the 1832 lottery alone, some 85,000 people competed for 18,309 land lots to be given away, and at least 3,000 people competed for 35,000 gold belt lots to be given away. It was authorized by the georgia general assembly by an act of december 24, 1831 a few years after the start of the georgia gold rush. Of all the states, georgia has the distinction of being the only one to distribute parcels of land by lottery. Authentic list of all land lottery grants made to veterans of the revolutionary war by the state of georgia.928 432 1311 1173 1621 458 1461 1633 1565 1216 88 915 670 1013 992 1262 1238 1293 1354 1107 1089 293 735 606 882 1204 216 878 1416 801