Visit clava cairns on your trip to scottish highlands. Balnuaran of clava, centre is in the parish of croy and dalcross and the county of invernessshire grid reference. Clava cairns is an early bronze age site in scotland, located east of the city of inverness, consisting of three. Stones of scotland balnuaran of clava chambered cairn. Quick index to history of civilization a renaissance in learning. She is author of the bestselling book kingdom of the ark, together with warrior women of northern europe and the new release murder at medinet habu a heritage tour guide, the first in her miniheritage tour series.
Clava cairns andis kaulins scotland 2001 at balnuaran of clava. The cairns are of a type found in the morayinverness region. Clava cairns and standing stones, culloden strathnairn, inverness, the highlands, scotland. There are actually two parts to the clava cairns prehistoric complex. Balnuaran of clava is a site made up of three passage tombs that date back 4,000 years.
Clava cairns, midwinter sunset and the minor lunar limit j. Discover more details about clava cairns including opening times, photos and more. The cairns of clava not too far from loch ness, there lies three giant tombs made of stones. Balnuaran of clava a group of 3 bronze age cairns which. See more ideas about cairns, scotland and scotland travel. Incredible 5,000yearold temple complex in orkney could rewrite history of. Dec 04, 2018 clava cairns inverness invernessshire scotland balnuaran of clava is one of the best prehistoric sites in scotland. Clava cairns come in two types, and both are represented in the group of three you find in the truly wonderful woodland setting at balnuaran. The largest of three is the northeast cairn, which. This paper outlines the background to earlier studies of the solar lunar alignments of the orkneycromarty oc passage cairns and the clava passage and ring cairns and details the outcome of a new and comprehensive survey carried out by the author over recent years. Dating back 4,000 years, the evocative cemetery site retains original features, including passage graves, standing stones, and ring cairns stone circles. If you book with tripadvisor, you can cancel up to 24 hours before your tour starts for a full refund.
The only surviving evidence of burial was a stain indicating the presence of a single body. Which leads us neatly to a more modern postscript to the clava cairns at balnuaran. The clava cairn is a type of bronze age dating from 2500 bce circular chamber tomb cairn, named after the group of 3 cairns at balnuaran of clava, to the east of inverness in scotland. The cairns at balnuaran of clava give their name to the whole class of clava cairns. The cairns of clava not too far from loch ness, where the green highlands of scotland rise and fall there lies three giant cairns of stones. Near the circle to the south of milton there is an oblong enclosure, with two large blocks lying at its southeast corner, forming a kind of entrance of the enclosure. Balnuaran of clava contains three tombs, inverness, scotland and. The clava cairn is a type of bronze age circular chamber tomb cairn, named after the group of three cairns at balnuaran of clava, to the east of inverness in scotland. Scientific research has unearthed little about the origin of the structures, leaving them as tantalizing monuments to the mysterious life of scotlands early inhabitants. A clava cairn is type of bronze age circular chamber tomb cairn named after the group of three at balnuaran of clava. Balnuaran of clava a group of 3 bronze age cairns which lie. They fall into two subtypes, one typically consisting of a corbelled passage grave with a single burial. Enjoy the tranquility at the seat of the bishops of ross a beautiful red sandstone cathedral in a quiet square.
The cairn is surrounded by a circle of 11 standing stones. Ring of brodgar constructed on orkney, north of ness of brodgar. Sutherland the clava cairns are located near inverness, a city in the scottish highlands. Less than a mile and a half southeast from the pilgrimage site of culloden battlefield is a much, much older, and intriguing, reminder of scotlands past, balnuaran of clava balnuaran of clava is a prehistoric cemetery, 4,000 years old, and often referred to simply by the generic term clava cairns clava cairns are unique to the area of the moray firth and inverness. The marriage of astronomy and culture, a special issue of culture and cosmos, vol. After visiting culloden battlefield, my husband and i walked down to clava cairns. It was about 3 miles round trip and was a lovely walk.
The cairns at balnuaran of clava are of a similar date. History clava cairns, scottish highlands traveller. There are three cairns here, two with passage ways aligned to the midwinter sunset, and all with more subtle features, incorporated to reflect the importance of the southwest horizon. Clava cairns are bronze age circular burial chambers found in scotland. The clava cairns are located near inverness, a city in the scottish highlands. Fortrose cathedral stands in a green square at the heart of fortrose, edged by mature trees. Balnuaran of clava is a prehistoric cemetery, 4,000 years old, and often. Their structure is similar to the newgrange tomb of ireland in that stones encase a burial chamber. Solar and lunar orkney, cromarty and clava passage cairns. Balnuaran of clava is the site of an exceptionally well preserved group of prehistoric burial cairns that were built about 4,000 years ago. The clava cairn is a type of bronze age circular chamber tomb cairn, named after the group of three cairns at balnuaran of clava, to the.
Book your tickets online for clava cairns, scottish highlands. The most recent, and extensive, work has been done by professor richard bradley whose work the good stones. The main one is known as balnuaran of clava this is the one we visited and milton of clava. We recommend booking clava cairns tours ahead of time to secure your spot. The cairns at balnuaran are very well continue reading the clava cairns. The clava cairnsor the prehistoric burial cairns of balnuaran of clavaare all that remains of what was once a much larger bronze age burial complex. As explained in the book how to read prehistoric monuments by alan butler, the scottish. Later burials at the site suggest continued significance for over a millennia. Clava cairns near inverness, scotland for the love of wanderlust. This report documents richard bradleys meticulous survey and excavation of the core monuments of the group at balnuaran of clava. Sumerian and indoeuropean lexical equivalences lz with latvian. There is a rumour that the site was the inspiration for craigh na dun, the fictitious stone circle acting as a timetravel portal in the hugely popular book and television outlander series by diana gabaldon. The tombs at either end are of the passage grave subtype. Nov 27, 2018 as explained in the book how to read prehistoric monuments by alan butler, the scottish examples, especially the ones around inverness, are often called clava cairns, though in fact this name refers to three specific cairn burials at balnuaran of clava, inverness.
The northeast cairn, a wellpreserved passage cairn. This landscape was an important place for ritual and burial activities in the bronze age. Clava cairns ancient burial ground visit inverness loch ness. Dating back to the bronze age, the structures are over 4,000 years old. Lorraine evans studied egyptology, ancient history and archaeology at university college london and the university of london respectively. It had a very serene feel to the place, calming and. They fall into two subtypes, one typically consisting of a. Arriving at balnuaran of clava all you see are some rather strange manmade rock structures sitting in the middle of a small forest. The clava cairns or more correctly balnuaran of clava is one of the best preserved bronze age burial sites in scotland. The balnuaran of clava clava cairns ancient history encyclopedia. Set within the balnuaran of clava, a beautiful wooded area, the ancient clava cairns are a. May 17, 2014 the prehistoric balnuaran of clava cairns are more than 4000 years old, older than the pyramids. The balnuaran of clava, giant tombs encased in stone, can be found close to inverness in scotland.
There are larger prehistoric sites in scotland, and there are much better known ones. Sep 07, 2008 the clava cairns or more correctly balnuaran of clava is one of the best preserved bronze age burial sites in scotland. Clava cairns at balnuaran of clava at balnuaran of clava itself there is a group of three bronze age cairns which lie close together in a line running north east to south west. Two parts of the clava cairns complex can be visited. Near the circle to the south of milton there is an oblong enclosure, with two large blocks lying at its southeast corner, forming a. Is this a romantic place or activity that you would suggest for couples. Properly known as prehistorical burial cairns of balnuaran of clava the clava cairns are situated in a wonderful wood setting about a mile from culloden battlefield.
Clava cairns, balnuaran of clava set within the balnuaran of clava, a beautiful wooded area, the ancient clava cairns are a group of bronze age cairns and standing stones near inverness. Clava cairn plural clava cairns archaeology a type of bronze age circular chamber tomb cairn. Named after the group of three cairns at balnuaran of clava, to the east of inverness in scotland. Scotland before history stuart piggott, birlinn limited 1995, isbn 0852243480. The cairns are variations on the same design and all have an outer kerb and an inner chamber built of large stones. This spectacular site of scottish history has become vastly more popular with tourists since the recent release of the outlander books and tv series. There are three cairns here, two with passage ways aligned to the midwinter sunset, and all with more subtle features, incorporated. The solar lunar orientations of the orkneycromarty and clava cairns. Clava cairns the prehistoric balnuaran of clava cairns are more than 4000 years old, older than the pyramids.
They are about 4,000 years old, so this burial ground one of the oldest wellpreserved sites in scotland. This is a study of the early bronze age cairns at balnuaran of clava. They take their name from those at balnuaran of clava near inverness. There is a columban chapel at clava believed to be dedicated to st. New statistical account nsa, written by rev a campbell 1841 1845. Excavations at the site began in 1828 ce and continued, at intervals, through the 1990s ce. Highland tours inverness provides three tours visiting the clava cairns, but this is a great destination that can be included in any tour. At balnuaran are three wellpreserved burial chambers, two with entrance passages, each one surrounded by standing stones. The cairns at balnuaran of clava extended along a gravel terrace raised. Balnuaran of clava, centre ring cairn and stone circle. Egyptology, elam, fertile crescent, geodetics, heavens, hieroglyphs, history of art, history of astronomy, history of civilization, history of mankind, history of science. The cairns at balnuaran of clava show a structural relationship to the annual cycle, most clearly in their alignment on midwinter sunset. Cupmarks, ursa minor discovered at clava cairns scotland 2001.
This notable site comprises three huge cairns of stones, each surrounded by a circle of shapely standing stones in a formation nearly unique in the british isles, but similar to those of loanhead of daviot scotland and newgrange ireland. Balnuaran a visitors guide to of clava arch highland. Set within a beautiful spot within a small wood, balnuaran of clava comprises. Clava cairns is an early bronze age site in scotland, located east of the city of inverness, consisting of three wellpreserved cairns two of which are passage graves and a number of freestanding stones strategically placed for astronomical purposes. The clava cairns comprise part of one, if not two, bronze age cemeteries. From the limited evidence available, it seems that the clava cairns were not burial places for communities, but for selected individuals, both male and female. Here you will see the 3 large, circular burial monuments and what remains of a medieval chapel. Also, theres a risky, but understandable, tendency to interpret history out of. The late neolithic age site of the balnuaran of clava, popularly known as clava cairns, dating from 2500 bce.
It also presents data drawn from records of early survey and excavation, together with information from newly discovered, remnant and lesserknown clava sites. Nov 29, 2018 as explained in the book how to read prehistoric monuments by alan butler, the scottish examples, especially the ones around inverness, are often called clava cairns, though in fact this name refers to three specific cairn burials at balnuaran of clava, inverness. A new investigation of the clava cairns maintains that the location of the cairns was not only essential to astronomical observations but also to communication between. This cemetery consists of a number of solidly constructed ring cairns and passage cairns with kerbs and surrounding stone circles. Corrimony chambered cairn near drumnadrochit is an example dated to 2000 bc or older. As explained in the book how to read prehistoric monuments by alan. The stones used in their construction fall into simple. Professor alexander thom discovered that the two entrance passages align exactly and that the alignment passes through two of the stones surrounding the central nonaligned cairn. The full name of the site is the prehistoric burial cairns of the balnuaran of clava which is usually shortened to the balnuaran of.
There are about 50 cairns of this type in an area round about inverness. Around 2000 bc a row of large cairns was built, three of which can be seen today and there may once have been two more. Fortrose cathedral historic environment scotland history. Balnuaran of clava, centre ring cairn and stone circle in. Mysterious clava cairns of scotland historic mysteries. It was a bit uphill on the way back, but i managed it at 58 while having bronchitis.
Lovely walk from culloden battlefield to clava cairns clava. Tradition holds that the diocese of ross has existed since about ad 700. This cemetery consists of a number of solidly constructed ring cairns and. Between cawdor castle and the infamous battlefield of culloden, there is a nest of three puzzling objects known as the clava cairns, also called the balnuaran of clava. Milton of clava, a short distance to the southwest, includes. Migration of the socalled beaker people to scotland.
Clava cairns is a bronze age burial site near inverness, scotland and its actually made up of two sections. The balnuaran of clava clava cairns by dave conner cc byncsa it has been speculated, based on the amount of quartz found in proximity to the cairns, that they were once adorned with the white stone which would have caused them to almost glow and this suggests the importance of the site to ancient people. Clava cairns near inverness, scotland for the love of. Sep 28, 2017 the clava cairns are an excellent place to visit especially at sunset around the winter solstice. Clava cairns are unique to the area of the moray firth and inverness. The book by andis kaulins click for details the photography by martha walker above at waylands smithy what figure does this stone in its entire size represent. The cairns at balnuaran of clava extended along a gravel terrace raised above the river nairn. As explained in the book how to read prehistoric monuments by. Invergordon culloden, cawdor castle and clava cairns. The site has 4 cairns and lots of well presented information. The scenic route through the scottish highlands with.
Balnuaran of clava contains three tombs, inverness, scotland and they. Like in the book series, this stone circle sits not far from culloden battlefield. Your final stop on this historic journey is at balnuaran of clava, where you will be able to see the three structures known as the clava cairns. Clava cairns is a fantastic example of the distant history of highland scotland. I should start off by explaining that these rock structures, also known as clava cairns, are a type of prehistoric tomb chamber built in a circular formation with only a narrow passage providing access to the.294 1157 1166 500 1113 1009 94 1329 203 1316 1045 6 203 546 1079 693 447 1625 1085 1409 1366 764 204 108 906 1465 463 198 1420 577 1301